Ampelopteris prolifera (Retz.) Copel.

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Ampelopteris prolifera

Photo: Petra Ballings
Near camp, Hippo Pools, Umfurudzi Safari Area

Ampelopteris prolifera

Photo: Petra Ballings
Near camp, Hippo Pools, Umfurudzi Safari Area

Ampelopteris prolifera

Photo: Petra Ballings
Near camp, Hippo Pools, Umfurudzi Safari Area

Ampelopteris prolifera

Photo: Petra Ballings
Near camp, Hippo Pools, Umfurudzi Safari Area

Ampelopteris prolifera

Photo: Petra Ballings
Near camp, Hippo Pools, Umfurudzi Safari Area

Ampelopteris prolifera

Photo: Petra Ballings
Near camp, Hippo Pools, Umfurudzi Safari Area

Ampelopteris prolifera

Photo: Petra Ballings
Near camp, Hippo Pools, Umfurudzi Safari Area

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dryopteris prolifera (Retz.) C.Chr.
Goniopteris prolifera (Retz.) C.Presl
Thelypteris prolifera (Retz.) P.J.Vorster
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome long creeping, up to 10 mm in diameter; rhizome scales black, triangular, entire. Fronds closely spaced, arching, proliferous at intervals along the rhachis, thinly coriaceous. Stipe up to 40 cm long, pale brown, hairless. Lamina up to 1 × 0.26 m, lanceolate in outline, pinnate, apex of indefinite growth, lower 3-4 pairs of pinnae gradually reduced in size. Pinnae narrowly oblong, shortly petiolate to sessile, base truncate, often with the basal acroscopic lobe overlapping the rhachis, margin shallowly incised into lobes with 5-7 pairs of veins anastomosing below the shallow sinus; undersurface sparsely set with minute hairs, upper surface hairless. Rhachis pale brown, hairless. Sori round to elongated, situated along the veins, with paraphyses; exindusiate.
Notes: Resembles Pneumatopteris unita which has a single gemmae positioned at the apex of the rhachis, an erect rhizome and 4-5 pairs of veins meeting below the sinus; this species is not found in full sun.
Ampelopteris prolifera look for: proliferous habit with several gemmae positioned along the rhachis, shortly creeping rhizome, 5-7 pairs of veins anostomising.
Derivation of specific name: prolifera: bearing plantlets; this plant produces adventituous shoots from the lamina.
Habitat: Among grass, sedges, reed banks of Phragmites on banks of rivers, ponds or lakes in hot deciduous woodland, sometimes in light shade of riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1160 m
Worldwide distribution: Southern Africa extending to central and tropical Africa, throughout the tropics of the old world, also Madagascar and Mauritius.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 26 January 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 270 - 272. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 96.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 700 - 701. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 398 - 399. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 93 - 94.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 10.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 113 - 114. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 201.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 200 - 202. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Ampelopteris prolifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ampelopteris prolifera
Flora of Malawi: Ampelopteris prolifera
Flora of Mozambique: Ampelopteris prolifera
Flora of Zambia: Ampelopteris prolifera

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ampelopteris prolifera
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ampelopteris prolifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ampelopteris prolifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ampelopteris prolifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ampelopteris prolifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ampelopteris prolifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ampelopteris prolifera
Ispot Southern Africa : Ampelopteris prolifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Ampelopteris prolifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ampelopteris prolifera
Tropicos: Ampelopteris prolifera
West African Plants database: Ampelopteris prolifera


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ampelopteris prolifera.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101650, retrieved 27 May 2016

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