Rumohra adiantiformis (G. Forst.) Ching

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Synonyms: Dryopteris adiantiformis (G.Forst.) Kunze
Polypodium adiantiforme G. Forst.
Common names: Knysna fern (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome widely creeping above ground, up to 10 mm in diameter; rhizome scales up to 16 × 5.5 mm, margin entire, reddish-brown, ovate to lanceolate, hairpointed, dense. Fronds spaced, very coriacous, erect, rigid, shiny above, paler below. Stipe up to 50 cm long, matt pale brown, grooved above, set with brown ovate scales towards the base, subglabrous with age. Lamina deltate to broadly ovate in outline, basal pinnae basiscopically developed,tripinnatifid to quadripinnate, apex pinnatifid-deltate, up to 50 × 35 cm. Pinnules pinnatifid to dentate, ovate in outline, base unequally cuneate, upper surface glabrous, lower surface sparsely set with a few scales along the veins. Rhachis stramineous to brown, grooved, costae and costules scaly in young fronds. Sori round, large, usually one per lobe; indusia c. 2.2 mm in diameter, round, thick, coriaceous, peltate, glabrous, shed at maturity.
Notes: The secondary rhachis and costae do not have raised edges on the upper surface, the fronds are very leathery, the rhizome creeps above ground and is densely set in papery, rusty coloured scales.
Derivation of specific name: adiantiformis: shaped like Adiantum; unclear reference since the fronds of the species of the genus Adiantum do not compare to Rumohra adiantiformis.
Habitat: Among boulders in rocky outcrops in montane grassland on Mt. Inyangani.
Altitude range: (metres)
Worldwide distribution: South Africa, Zimbabwe, also known from Madagascar, Comoro and Mascarene islands, Australia, New Zealand, Polynesia, South and Central America.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 320. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 488 - 489. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 457 - 458. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 123. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 139 - 140.


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Other sources of information about Rumohra adiantiformis:

External websites:

African Plant Database: Rumohra adiantiformis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Rumohra adiantiformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rumohra adiantiformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rumohra adiantiformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rumohra adiantiformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Rumohra adiantiformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rumohra adiantiformis
Ispot Southern Africa : Rumohra adiantiformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Rumohra adiantiformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rumohra adiantiformis
Tropicos: Rumohra adiantiformis
West African Plants database: Rumohra adiantiformis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Rumohra adiantiformis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101800, retrieved 11 December 2016

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