Dryopteris kilemensis (Kuhn) Kuntze

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Dryopteris kilemensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
BR

Dryopteris kilemensis

Photo: Petra Ballings
BR

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Synonyms: Aspidium kilemense Kuhn
Aspidium lastii (Baker) Hieron.
Dryopteris lastii (Baker) C.Chr.
Nephrodium kilemense (Kuhn) Baker
Nephrodium lastii Baker
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping, becoming erect at the growing tip, up to 10 mm in diameter; rhizome scales pale brown, narrowly lanceolate, up to 25 mm long, entire. Fronds tufted, arching, herbaceous. Stipe up to 120 cm long, pale brown, subglabrous, with brown, ovate scales near the base. Lamina up to 1.2 × 0.8 m, ovate to triangular in outline, 4-pinnatifid to 4-pinnate on the basiscopically developed basal pinnae. Pinnules ovate to oblong, deeply pinnatifid into oblong, rounded ultimate lobes with serrate margins. Rhachis pale brown, glabrous; costae and costules with a few small ovate scales. Sori round, c. 1 mm in diameter; indusia round, membranous, entire.
Notes: Can be seperated from other species by its broader and more finely dissected frond, smaller pinnules and ovate scales on the costules.
Derivation of specific name: kilemensis: Kilema; type locality in Tanzania.
Habitat: Deeply shaded forest floors amongst undergrowth in evergreen mist forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1160 - 2350 m
Worldwide distribution: Burundi, Cameroon, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, also Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 303 - 304. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 28.

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 98.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 438 - 439. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 109.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 6.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 124. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 122.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 222 - 223.


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Other sources of information about Dryopteris kilemensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Dryopteris kilemensis
Flora of Mozambique: Dryopteris kilemensis
Flora of Zambia: Dryopteris kilemensis

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dryopteris kilemensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dryopteris kilemensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dryopteris kilemensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dryopteris kilemensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dryopteris kilemensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dryopteris kilemensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Dryopteris kilemensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Dryopteris kilemensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dryopteris kilemensis
Tropicos: Dryopteris kilemensis
West African Plants database: Dryopteris kilemensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dryopteris kilemensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=101850, retrieved 29 September 2016

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