Arthropteris monocarpa (Cordem.) C. Chr.

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Arthropteris monocarpa

Photo: Petra Ballings
BR

Arthropteris monocarpa

Photo: Petra Ballings
BR

Arthropteris monocarpa

Photo: Petra Ballings
BR

Arthropteris monocarpa

Photo: Petra Ballings
John Meikle Reseach Station, Stapleford

Arthropteris monocarpa

Photo: Petra Ballings
John Meikle Reseach Station, Stapleford

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Arthropteris anniana Lawalrée
Arthropteris charletiana Lawalrée
Dryopteris orientalis sensu Sim
Nephrodium albopunctatum sensu Sim
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome widely creeping, c. 2 mm in diamater; rhizome scales subcircular to broadly ovate, brown, up to 1.5 mm long, margins entire. Stipe up to 18 cm, articulated near the base, pale brown, glabrous at maturity. Fronds spaced apart, erect to arching. Lamina up to 33 × 12 cm, oblong-lanceolate in outline, deeply 2-pinnatifid with 13-17 alternate pairs of pinnae and a pinnatifid terminal segment. Pinnae up to 7.5 × 1.5 mm, subsessile to shortly petiolate, articulated to the rhachis, oblong-lanceolate in outline, apex tapering into a long drawn-out point, broadest at base, basal 2 pairs of pinnae slightly reduced; ultimate lobes oblong with rounded apices, glabrous but with sparse white hairs along the veins, costules and costae below, white dots on the upper surface absent. Sori circular, usually solitary in each lobe, but sometimes up to 6 per lobe; indusium c.1 mm in diameter.
Notes: Looks very much like A. orientalis which has a stipe that is articulated in the upper half and a row of white dots near the margins on the upper surface of the pinna lobes. A. orientalis is a woodland species while A. monocarpa is a forest fern.
Derivation of specific name: monocarpa: with one fruit; refers to a single sorus on each lobe of the frond, however this species can have up to 6 sori per pinna lobe.
Habitat: Lithophytic, epiphytic or terrestrial in shade in evergreen or riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 825 - 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and southern Africa, also in Madagascar, Comoro Isl. and Réunion.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 19 August 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 207. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 36.

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 91.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 522 - 523. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 16.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 324 - 325. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 113 - 114.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 143. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 192.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 163. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Arthropteris monocarpa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Arthropteris monocarpa
Flora of Mozambique: Arthropteris monocarpa
Flora of Zambia: Arthropteris monocarpa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Arthropteris monocarpa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Arthropteris monocarpa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Arthropteris monocarpa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Arthropteris monocarpa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Arthropteris monocarpa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Arthropteris monocarpa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Arthropteris monocarpa
Ispot Southern Africa : Arthropteris monocarpa
JSTOR Plant Science: Arthropteris monocarpa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Arthropteris monocarpa
Tropicos: Arthropteris monocarpa
West African Plants database: Arthropteris monocarpa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Arthropteris monocarpa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102090, retrieved 29 July 2016

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