Elaphoglossum hybridum (Bory) Brack.

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Elaphoglossum hybridum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, grassland plateau

Elaphoglossum hybridum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, grassland plateau

Elaphoglossum hybridum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, grassland plateau

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Synonyms: Acrostichum ciliatum Desv.
Acrostichum hybridum Bory
Elaphoglossum tricholepis (Baker) C.Chr.
Olfersia hybrida (Bory) C. Presl
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Rhizome shortly creeping, often appearing to be erect; rhizome scales blackish brown, lanceolate, tapering to a point, margins entire, up to 5 mm long. Fronds tufted, firmly herbaceous, simple, brittle, deep green, arching, strongly dimorphous. Sterile frond: stipe up to 20 cm long, straminous to pale brown, with many black, squarrose deciduous scales; lamina 14-22 × 2.5-5.5 cm, narrowly oblong to narrowly elliptic in outline, apex pointed, base wedge-shaped, margin and midrib set with small, deciduous, linear, black scales. Fertile frond: lamina much smaller than sterile lamina, narrowly oblong to narrowly ovate, veins parallel and visible; sporangia covering the whole undersurface of the lamina.
Notes: Can be confused with E. chevalieri, this fern however has rusty brown (not blackish) scales occuring over the whole lamina, above and below, and a densely hairy stipe.
Derivation of specific name: hybridum: of hybrid origin, reference unclear.
Habitat: Growing on moist earth banks next to water or on wet rock faces in deeply shaded ravines in evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1300 - 2250 m
Worldwide distribution: Possibly of circumpolar origin, occuring on the subantartic islands Gough & Tristan da Cunha, in tropical Africa on the highest mountain tops, moving into lower altitudes (1300-2250 m) in Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa (1500-3000m)
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 291 - 292. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 97.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 512 - 513. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 11.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 420. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 151.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 128 - 129.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 213.


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Other sources of information about Elaphoglossum hybridum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Elaphoglossum hybridum
Flora of Mozambique: Elaphoglossum hybridum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Elaphoglossum hybridum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elaphoglossum hybridum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaphoglossum hybridum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elaphoglossum hybridum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elaphoglossum hybridum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Elaphoglossum hybridum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaphoglossum hybridum
Ispot Southern Africa : Elaphoglossum hybridum
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaphoglossum hybridum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elaphoglossum hybridum
Tropicos: Elaphoglossum hybridum
West African Plants database: Elaphoglossum hybridum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elaphoglossum hybridum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102170, retrieved 26 June 2016

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