Elaphoglossum lancifolium (Desv.) C.V. Morton

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Elaphoglossum lancifolium

Photo: Petra Ballings
Aberfoyle tea estate, Honde Valley

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Synonyms: Acrostichum lancifolium Desv.
Acrostichum salicifolium Willd. ex Kaulf.
Elaphoglossum convolutum Chiov.
Elaphoglossum lineare sensu Sim
Elaphoglossum petiolatum (Sw.) Urb. subsp. salicifolium (Willd. ex Kaulf.) Schelpe
Elaphoglossum salicifolium (Willd. ex Kaulf.) Alston
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome creeping, c. 5 mm thick; rhizome scales dark brown, entire, attenuate. Fronds closely spaced to tufted, erect or arching, herbaceous to thinly coracious, simple, dimorphous. Sterile frond: stipe 8-13 cm long, stramineous to pale brown, articulated, at first densely covered with brown, ciliate, narrowly lanceolate scales; lamina up to 12-28 × 0.9-1.8 cm, linear-lanceolate in outline, apex pointed, base shortly tapering, margin inrolled, thinly covered on both surfaces with long, ciliate, deciduous scales, and some more persistent scales along the upper surface of the midrib. Fertile frond: stipe as for sterile but 9-20 cm long; lamina up to 18 × 0.6 cm, linear, apex pointed, base wedge-shaped, sporangia covering the whole undersurface of the lamina.
Notes: The ciliate scales on the lamina and stipe differentiate this species from E. acrostichoides.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Low-level epiphyte or lithophyte, growing in shade of low-altitude riverine forest or woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 660 - 1370 m
Worldwide distribution: From west tropical Africa to DRC, Rwanda, Tanzania and downwards to Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Also Seychelles, Comoro isl., Mauritius, Réunion and Madagascar.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 286 - 288. As Elaphoglossum petiolatum subsp. salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 97.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 423 - 424. As Elaphoglossum petiolatum subsp. salicifolium (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Page 110. As Elaphoglossum petiolatum subsp. salicifolium

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 7. As Elaphoglossum salicifolium

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 151. As Elaphoglossum salicifolium

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 129.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 215. As Elaphoglossum subsp. salicifolium


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Other sources of information about Elaphoglossum lancifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Flora of Zambia: Elaphoglossum lancifolium

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Elaphoglossum lancifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Ispot Southern Africa : Elaphoglossum lancifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
Tropicos: Elaphoglossum lancifolium
West African Plants database: Elaphoglossum lancifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elaphoglossum lancifolium.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102220, retrieved 24 May 2016

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