Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm. f.) Bech.[Agg]

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Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Bunga views, Vumba

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Bunga forest, Vumba

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Circular drive, Inyanga N.P.

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Bunga views, Vumba

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Chinaka, Juliasdale

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mount Buhwa, area close to tunnel.

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Besna Kobila

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nyanga area

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nyanga area

Asplenium aethiopicum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Pit structure, Nyanga N.P.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Asplenium adiantoides Lam.
Asplenium furcatum Thunb.
Asplenium gueinzianum Mett. ex Kuhn
Asplenium praemorsum sensu Sim
Asplenium schelpei Braithwaite
Trichomanes aethiopicum Burm.f.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rhizome creeping or ascending, up to 7 mm thick. Rhizome scales 3-7 mm long, linear-attenuate, light-dark brown to blackish, entire or with a few hair-like outgrowths, ending in hair-point. Fronds tufted. Stipe 8-40 cm long, dark brown, covered with hair-like scales when young, subglabrous with age. Lamina very variable in size, shape and degree of dissection, 12-64 cm × 3.7-27 cm, strongly 2-pinnatifid to 3-pinnate, ovate to narrowly lanceolate in outline with the basal pair or 2 of pinnae usually reduced in size. Pinnae ovate to narrowly lanceolate, apex acute, sometimes drawn out into a thin, narrow terminal segment; margins irregularly toothed. Pinnules upper surface subglabrous, lower surface sparsely set with twisted scales. Sori linear, 3-14 mm long, set along flabellate veins, sori more than one per lobe, indusiate.
Notes: The extreme variability of this species makes it difficult to distinguish it from others in this group. A. aethiopicum has recently been split up in 4 subsp.(J.P.Roux,2001). We have lumped these for the time being. These subspecies usually grade from one to the other and are hard to distinguish without a strong microscope to examen the spores. All occur in Zimbabwe, subsp. aethiopicum and subsp. dodecaploideum in the east, for subsp. filare and subsp. tripinnatum district are not known (A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants, Sabonet Report No. 33, 2004).
Derivation of specific name: aethiopicum: of Ethiopia, a historic name for large parts of Africa
Habitat: Wide variety of habitats, deciduous woodland, high altitude mist forest, riverine forest, evergreen coastal forest. Terrestrial, epiphytic or lithophytic.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2140 m
Worldwide distribution: Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, tropical and subtropical Africa, Comoro islands, Mauritius, Madagascar
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 25 September 2011
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 246 - 248. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 93.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 646 - 649. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 361 - 362. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 94 - 95.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 160.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 76 - 77.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 181 - 182.


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Flora of Malawi: Asplenium aethiopicum
Flora of Mozambique: Asplenium aethiopicum
Flora of Zambia: Asplenium aethiopicum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Asplenium aethiopicum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Asplenium aethiopicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium aethiopicum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Asplenium aethiopicum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Asplenium aethiopicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Asplenium aethiopicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium aethiopicum
Ispot Southern Africa : Asplenium aethiopicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium aethiopicum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Asplenium aethiopicum
Tropicos: Asplenium aethiopicum
West African Plants database: Asplenium aethiopicum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Asplenium aethiopicum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102340, retrieved 28 September 2016

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