Asplenium lividum Mett. ex Kuhn

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Asplenium lividum

Photo: Petra Ballings

Asplenium lividum

Photo: Petra Ballings

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Synonyms: Asplenium bernieri Cordem
Asplenium laciniatum D.Don var. planicaule (Wall.) Bonap.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome suberect, up to 7 mm diameter; scales up to 3 mm long, brown, lanceolate, entire, acute. Fronds not proliferous, tufted. Stipe up to 20 cm, matt brown, set with short scales. Lamina 25-48 cm × 6-9 cm, 2-pinnatifid to 2-pinnate, narrowly oblong-lanceolate in outline. Pinnae hairless, pinnatifid, incised more than 1/2 way to the costa in oblanceolate to linear lobes, vennation pinnate, margins toothed. Sori 1-6 per lobe, situated alongside the costa between pinna loabes, linear, present on each lobe, indusium entire.  
Notes: Differs from A. aethiopicum by having narrow fronds, small rhizome scales, long sori clustered along the costa.
Derivation of specific name: lividus: a bluish-leaden colour, reference unclear.
Habitat: On moss covered boulders in deep shade along streams in evergreen forest. Epiphyte or lithophyte.
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Soa Tomé, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascan region and South America
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 24 October 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 248 - 250. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. , Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 93.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 652 - 653. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Page 360. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 167.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 89.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 181.


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Flora of Malawi: Asplenium lividum
Flora of Mozambique: Asplenium lividum
Flora of Zambia: Asplenium lividum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Asplenium lividum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Asplenium lividum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium lividum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Asplenium lividum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Asplenium lividum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Asplenium lividum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium lividum
Ispot Southern Africa : Asplenium lividum
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium lividum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Asplenium lividum
Tropicos: Asplenium lividum
West African Plants database: Asplenium lividum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Asplenium lividum., retrieved 21 October 2016

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