Marsilea coromandelina Willd.

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Marsilea coromandelina

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Marsilea coromandelina

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

Marsilea coromandelina

Photo: Petra Ballings
SRGH

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Marsilea trichocarpa Bremek.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Floating form: Description?. Dry land form: stipe up to 9 cm long, hairless. Leaflets 2-10 mm long, 1.25-8 mm wide, narrowly obcuneate-obdeltate, outer margins subentire to finely incised, hairless with translucent streaks between the veins. Sporocarps: solitairy, 2-4 mm long, 1.5-2.7 mm high, 1-2 mm thick, brown to greyish brown, subcircular-elliptic in lateral view, vertical cross-section lemon-shaped, with appressed hairs, lateral ribs prominent; lower tooth a rounded to pointed hump, upper tooth a prominent hump with an acute point; pedicels up to 17 mm long, slender, free, upright or ascending, 1 arising from axil of the stipe.
Notes: Recognizable as a delicate, often rather small fern with very narrow pinnae that have distinctive translucent streaks between the veins; the sporocarp is clearly lemon-shaped in cross-section and has prominent lateral ribs.
Derivation of specific name: coromandelina: named after the type locality at the Coromandel coast (south-eastern tip of India)
Habitat: Arid bushveld regions, upper limits of seasonal or temporal vleis and pans, edge of lakes and rivers.
In Zimbabwe confined to dry lowveld in Gonaredzu Reserve (Jacobsen, 1983)
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1000 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Kenya, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe. Also Madagascar, socotra and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: S
Growth form(s): Aquatic, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 68 - 70. (Includes a picture).

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 234 - 235. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 12.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 477 - 478. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 8.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 175.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 15.


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Other sources of information about Marsilea coromandelina:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Marsilea coromandelina
Flora of Mozambique: Marsilea coromandelina
Flora of Zambia: Marsilea coromandelina

External websites:

African Plant Database: Marsilea coromandelina
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Marsilea coromandelina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Marsilea coromandelina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Marsilea coromandelina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Marsilea coromandelina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Marsilea coromandelina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Marsilea coromandelina
Ispot Southern Africa : Marsilea coromandelina
JSTOR Plant Science: Marsilea coromandelina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Marsilea coromandelina
Tropicos: Marsilea coromandelina
West African Plants database: Marsilea coromandelina


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Marsilea coromandelina.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=102810, retrieved 31 July 2016

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