Phragmites mauritianus Kunth

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Phragmites mauritianus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Odzani River

Phragmites mauritianus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Reed grass (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Robust perennial with long rhizomes. Culms to 7 m, usually simple. Leaves: lamina15–100 cm, green, rough beneath (at least towards the apex); apex attenuate, somewhat stiff to ± pungent. Panicle 15–60 cm, shape, green or tinged with purple. Spikelets 8–16 mm, usually with 4–8 florets; lower glume 2–4 mm, upper 3–5 mm, ovate to ovate-oblong; lower lemma 6–8 mm. lanceolate-oblong to oblong; succeeding lemmas 6–11 mm; callus hairs 4–7 mm.
Notes: Somewhat similar to Arundo donax. See that species for a discussion of the differences.
Derivation of specific name: mauritianus: from Mauritius
Habitat: Along rivers, lakes and dams and in swamps, floodplains and vleis, often growing partially submerged.
Altitude range: (metres) 580 - 1540 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa and the Mascarene Is; also in South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 3 September 2006
Literature:

Fanshawe, D.B. (1972). The Biology of the Reed - Phragmites mauritianus Kunth Kirkia 8(2) Pages 147 - 150. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 97. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 143.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 152.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.


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Other sources of information about Phragmites mauritianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Caprivi: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Malawi: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Mozambique: Phragmites mauritianus
Flora of Zambia: Phragmites mauritianus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Phragmites mauritianus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Phragmites mauritianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phragmites mauritianus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phragmites mauritianus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phragmites mauritianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Phragmites mauritianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phragmites mauritianus
Ispot Southern Africa : Phragmites mauritianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Phragmites mauritianus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phragmites mauritianus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Phragmites mauritianus
Tropicos: Phragmites mauritianus
West African Plants database: Phragmites mauritianus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phragmites mauritianus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=104030, retrieved 26 May 2016

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