Eragrostis congesta Oliv.

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Eragrostis congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba main rd, by Chinyakwaremba

Eragrostis congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba main rd, by Chinyakwaremba

Eragrostis congesta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba main rd, by Chinyakwaremba

Eragrostis congesta

Photo: Mark Hyde
Rydal Court, Ruwa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eragrostis eichingeri Pilg
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Unbranched perennial tufted grass, without stolons or rhizomes up to c. 1 m tall. Inflorescence a panicle of 2-8 ovoid to spherical, dense clusters of spikelets, separate along the central axis. Spikelets 3-10 mm long, narrowly oblong, laterally compressed, grey-green flushed with purple.
Notes: In Zimbabwe, this is essentially a species of the E Hghlands, but it is spreading, in a weedy manner, along the main Harare / Mutare Rd, as far west as Ruwa.

Surprisingly not recorded for Mozambique.
Derivation of specific name: congesta: congested (refers to a tight inflorescence)
Habitat: In wooded grassland, miombo woodland, vlei margins and roadsides, often in sandy soils and disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 750 - 1650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 March 2009
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 345.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 121 - 122. (Includes a picture).

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 152 - 153. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Eragrostis congesta:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eragrostis congesta
Flora of Zambia: Eragrostis congesta

External websites:

African Plant Database: Eragrostis congesta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Eragrostis congesta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis congesta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eragrostis congesta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eragrostis congesta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Eragrostis congesta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis congesta
Ispot Southern Africa : Eragrostis congesta
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis congesta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eragrostis congesta
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eragrostis congesta
Tropicos: Eragrostis congesta
West African Plants database: Eragrostis congesta


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eragrostis congesta.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=104800, retrieved 26 August 2016

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