Pogonarthria squarrosa (Roem. & Schult.) Pilg.

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Pogonarthria squarrosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rocky slopes on left of entry road to Cleveland Dam, Harare.

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Synonyms: Eragrostis marlothii Hack.
Leptochloa falcata Hack.
Pogonarthria falcata (Hack.) Rendle
Common names: Cross grass (English) Herringbone grass (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Erect perennial tufted grass, up to 1 m. Inflorescence of many short racemes at almost right angles with the culm. Spikelets reddish-brown with sharp-tipped glumes.
Derivation of specific name: squarrosa: squarrose
Habitat: In disturbed places, roadsides and old cultivation. Also in sandy soils and on granite.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:Nov - May
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 150 - 152.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 443. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 143.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.


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Other sources of information about Pogonarthria squarrosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora of Caprivi: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora of Mozambique: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora of Zambia: Pogonarthria squarrosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pogonarthria squarrosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pogonarthria squarrosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pogonarthria squarrosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pogonarthria squarrosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pogonarthria squarrosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Ispot Southern Africa: Pogonarthria squarrosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Pogonarthria squarrosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pogonarthria squarrosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pogonarthria squarrosa
Tropicos: Pogonarthria squarrosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Pogonarthria squarrosa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105320, retrieved 30 March 2017

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