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Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area
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Frequency: Locally common in the S and SE suburbs of Harare
Description: Caespitose perennial. Inflorescence 3-8 cm bearing crowded pendent spikelets, purplish in colour. Spikelets 10-14 mm, 6-13 flowered, cuneate.
Notes: First recorded at Harare airport and northwards on the Airport Rd towards Harare on 17 May 1990. A search for the species in the southernmost suburbs of Harare two days later revealed a number of further ocurrences of this species.
Subsequently, Laegaard discovered the species at Dunhiku School in 1991 and it has since been seen at the adjacent Cleveland Dam.
Further records exist from the Mukuvisi Woodlands and from the Tobacco Research Station, Kutsaga, which is very close to the airport.
In my opinion, the species is an introduction, possibly via the airport, and is now locally abundant in the S and SE parts of Harare.Interestingly, it is an alien from another part of Africa.
Derivation of specific name:
schimperi: named after Wilhelm Schimper, explorer and collector, particularly in Ethiopia.
Habitat: Sandy roadside verges, disturbed places, old lands and, less often, in woodland.
Altitude range: (metres)
1440 - 1540 m
Worldwide distribution: NE and East Africa from Sudan southwards to Zimbabwe; also in Arabia
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Display spot characters for this species
Poaceae Cope, T.A. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 153 - 154. (Includes a picture). Comments
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Other sources of information about Harpachne schimperi: Our websites: Flora of Zambia
Harpachne schimperi External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide
Harpachne schimperi African Plant Database
Harpachne schimperi Biodiversity Explorer
(Biodiversity of southern Africa):
Harpachne schimperi BHL
(Biodiversity Heritage Library):
Harpachne schimperi EOL
(Encyclopedia of Life):
Harpachne schimperi ePIC
(electronic Plant Information Center):
Harpachne schimperi Flora Zambesiaca
Harpachne schimperi GBIF
(Global Biodiversity Information Facility):
Harpachne schimperi Google
(Germplasm Resources Information Network):
Harpachne schimperi IPNI
(International Plant Names Index):
Harpachne schimperi Ispot Southern Africa
Harpachne schimperi JSTOR Plant Science
Harpachne schimperi Kew Herbarium catalogue
Harpachne schimperi Kew Monocotyledon checklist
Harpachne schimperi Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
Harpachne schimperi The Plant List (version 1.1)
Harpachne schimperi Tropicos
Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17
Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Harpachne schimperi.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105330, retrieved 20 January 2017
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