Harpachne schimperi Hochst. ex A. Rich.

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Harpachne schimperi

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, office area

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common in the S and SE suburbs of Harare
Status: Introduced
Description:
Caespitose perennial. Inflorescence 3-8 cm bearing crowded pendent spikelets, purplish in colour. Spikelets 10-14 mm, 6-13 flowered, cuneate.
Notes: First recorded at Harare airport and northwards on the Airport Rd towards Harare on 17 May 1990. A search for the species in the southernmost suburbs of Harare two days later revealed a number of further ocurrences of this species. Subsequently, Laegaard discovered the species at Dunhiku School in 1991 and it has since been seen at the adjacent Cleveland Dam. Further records exist from the Mukuvisi Woodlands and from the Tobacco Research Station, Kutsaga, which is very close to the airport. In my opinion, the species is an introduction, possibly via the airport, and is now locally abundant in the S and SE parts of Harare.Interestingly, it is an alien from another part of Africa.
Derivation of specific name: schimperi: named after Wilhelm Schimper, explorer and collector, particularly in Ethiopia.
Habitat: Sandy roadside verges, disturbed places, old lands and, less often, in woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1440 - 1540 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: NE and East Africa from Sudan southwards to Zimbabwe; also in Arabia
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 153 - 154. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Harpachne schimperi:

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Flora of Zambia: Harpachne schimperi

External websites:

African Plant Database: Harpachne schimperi
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Harpachne schimperi
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Harpachne schimperi
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Harpachne schimperi
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Harpachne schimperi
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Harpachne schimperi
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Harpachne schimperi
Ispot Southern Africa : Harpachne schimperi
JSTOR Plant Science: Harpachne schimperi
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Harpachne schimperi
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Harpachne schimperi
Tropicos: Harpachne schimperi
West African Plants database: Harpachne schimperi


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Harpachne schimperi.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105330, retrieved 31 August 2016

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