Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.

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Dactyloctenium aegyptium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Common crowfoot (English) Helicopter grass (English)
Status: Native
Spreading annual grass, rooting from the knee-bent lower nodes. Inflorescences digitate, often in thick radiating racemes with bristly spikelets.
Derivation of specific name: aegyptium: of Egypt
Habitat: A species of wooded grassland and riverine thickets, often along roadsides and sandy soils. Also found as a weed of cultivation and fallow lands.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and warm-temperate regions of the Old World; introduced weed in America and Europe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 11 March 2007

Chapano, Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 163 - 165. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 449. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 134.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 188.


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Other sources of information about Dactyloctenium aegyptium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Flora of Caprivi: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Flora of Mozambique: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Flora of Zambia: Dactyloctenium aegyptium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
African Plant Database: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Ispot Southern Africa: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
JSTOR Plant Science: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dactyloctenium aegyptium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Tropicos: Dactyloctenium aegyptium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dactyloctenium aegyptium.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105360, retrieved 23 June 2017

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