Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) T. Durand & Schinz

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Setaria megaphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Setaria megaphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Setaria chevalieri Stapf
Setaria chevalieri Stapf.
Setaria plicatilis (Hochst.) Engl.
Common names: Broad-leaved bristle-grass (English) Vumba grass (English)
Frequency: Common in E Highlands; local elsewhere
Status: Native in E division; probably introduced around Harare
Description:
Robust perennial tufted grass, up to 2.5m. Leaves pleated, long and broad. Inflorescence an open panicle. Most parts, particularly the lower culms, densely covered in irritating hairs.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: megaphylla: large-leaved
Habitat: Occurring in forest and plantations, and in shady locations in woodland and along streams.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to South Africa, tropical America and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Melanitis leda helena (Food plant)
Borbo fatuellus fatuellus (Larval foodplant)
Gnophodes betsimena diversa (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 25 January 2007
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 361.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 109.

Fanshawe, D.B. (1968). The vegetation of Zambian termitaria. Kirkia 6(2) Pages 169 - 179.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Smith, P.P. (1997). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of the North Luangwa National Park, Zambia. Kirkia 16(2): Pages 205 - 245.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 152.


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Other sources of information about Setaria megaphylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Setaria megaphylla
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria megaphylla
Flora of Zambia: Setaria megaphylla
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Setaria megaphylla

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Setaria megaphylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria megaphylla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Setaria megaphylla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Setaria megaphylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Setaria megaphylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria megaphylla
Ispot Southern Africa : Setaria megaphylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria megaphylla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Setaria megaphylla
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Setaria megaphylla
Tropicos: Setaria megaphylla
West African Plants database: Setaria megaphylla


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Setaria megaphylla.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107220, retrieved 30 July 2016

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