Cenchrus spicatus (L.) Cav.

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Synonyms: Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke
Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.
Pennisetum typhoides (Burm.) Stapf & C.E. Hubb.
Common names: Bulrush millet (English) Munga (Shona) Pearl millet (English)
Status: Cultivated and naturalised
Notes: Frequently cultivated and appearing sporadically as a naturalised casual, often on roadsides.
Derivation of specific name: spicatus: arranged in a spike.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 2 September 2007

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.


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Other sources of information about Cenchrus spicatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cenchrus spicatus
Flora of Caprivi: Cenchrus spicatus
Flora of Malawi: Cenchrus spicatus
Flora of Mozambique: Cenchrus spicatus
Flora of Zambia: Cenchrus spicatus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cenchrus spicatus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cenchrus spicatus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cenchrus spicatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cenchrus spicatus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cenchrus spicatus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cenchrus spicatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cenchrus spicatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cenchrus spicatus
Ispot Southern Africa : Cenchrus spicatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cenchrus spicatus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cenchrus spicatus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cenchrus spicatus
Tropicos: Cenchrus spicatus
West African Plants database: Cenchrus spicatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cenchrus spicatus.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107810, retrieved 26 June 2016

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