Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.

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Imperata cylindrica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Imperata cylindrica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Imperata cylindrica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old cottages at Katiyo Tea Estate

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Synonyms: Imperata arundinacea Cirillo
Common names: Cottonwool grass (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
A water loving creeping grass, spreading with long rhizomes and often forming dense stands. The inflorescences are silvery and narrow when young, opening up into broad cottonwool spikes later.
Derivation of specific name: cylindrica: cylindric
Habitat: It is found in poorly drained, damp soil along dams, rivers and vleis. In high rainfall areas it may be found in different habitats where it may become an aggressive weed of disturbed and cultivated land.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the Old World tropics, extending to the Mediterranean region, SW Asia and Chile
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 139.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 149.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 190.


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Other sources of information about Imperata cylindrica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Caprivi: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Malawi: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Mozambique: Imperata cylindrica
Flora of Zambia: Imperata cylindrica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Imperata cylindrica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Imperata cylindrica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Imperata cylindrica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Imperata cylindrica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Imperata cylindrica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Imperata cylindrica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Imperata cylindrica
Ispot Southern Africa : Imperata cylindrica
JSTOR Plant Science: Imperata cylindrica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Imperata cylindrica
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Imperata cylindrica
Tropicos: Imperata cylindrica
West African Plants database: Imperata cylindrica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Imperata cylindrica., retrieved 27 May 2016

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