Dichanthium aristatum (Poir.) C.E. Hubb.

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Synonyms: Andropogon aristatus Poir.
Andropogon mollicomus Kunth
Dichanthium caricosum (L.) A. Camus var. mollicomus (Kunth) Haines
Diplasanthum lanosum Desv.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Tufted perennial with short stolons. Culms up to 1.1 m, robust; nodes exposed and glabrous. Inflorescence of 1-5, subdigitate, shortly pedunculate racemes; peduncles and culm below the inflorescence pubescent. Sessile spikelets: lower glume narrowly winged on the lateral keels, without tubercle-based cilia; lower floret barren; upper floret stipitiform, awn c. 22 mm long. Pedicelled spikelets similar in size and shape to the sessile spikelet, male or neuter.
Notes: In Zimbabwe, this introduced species is only known from within the city of Harare where it is locally frequent. It somewhat resembles the much commoner Bothriochloa insculpta but is easily distinguished by the prominent hairs on the culm extending below the base of the inflorescence.
Derivation of specific name: aristatum: bearing a long bristle-like point; aristate
Habitat: In disturbed ground, roadside verges and grassy areas, often in damp places.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to India; introduced to Africa, Australia and America resulting from its usage as a fodder grass.
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 40 - 41.


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Flora of Mozambique: Dichanthium aristatum
Flora of Zambia: Dichanthium aristatum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Dichanthium aristatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dichanthium aristatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dichanthium aristatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dichanthium aristatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dichanthium aristatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dichanthium aristatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dichanthium aristatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Dichanthium aristatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Dichanthium aristatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dichanthium aristatum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dichanthium aristatum
Tropicos: Dichanthium aristatum
West African Plants database: Dichanthium aristatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dichanthium aristatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108360, retrieved 29 June 2016

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