Cyperus esculentus L.

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Cyperus esculentus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Stoloniferous perennial. Stolons to 15 cm, covered with scales and ending in a 3-8 mm tuber. Culms to 70 cm, triangular, glabrous. Inflorescence an anthela with 1 sessile and 3-10 stalked spikes. Spikelets 5-20 mm, brown. Glumes 2.2-2.6 mm, ovate-elliptic, reddish-brown. Style with 3 branches. Nutlet 1.3-1.5 mm, ellipsoid, triangular, grey, shiny.
Derivation of specific name: esculentus: edible
Habitat: Weed of disturbed ground, roadsides and cultivated areas; also in vleis.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 29 June 2007

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 532. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 118.


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Other sources of information about Cyperus esculentus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cyperus esculentus
Flora of Mozambique: Cyperus esculentus
Flora of Zambia: Cyperus esculentus

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cyperus esculentus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cyperus esculentus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyperus esculentus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyperus esculentus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyperus esculentus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cyperus esculentus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyperus esculentus
Ispot Southern Africa : Cyperus esculentus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyperus esculentus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyperus esculentus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cyperus esculentus
Tropicos: Cyperus esculentus
West African Plants database: Cyperus esculentus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cyperus esculentus., retrieved 28 May 2016

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