Scleria melanomphala Kunth

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Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Mike Bingham

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett
Mutinondo Wilderness Area

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett
Mutinondo Wilderness Area, Musamfushi

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett
Mutinondo Wilderness Area, Musamfushi

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Robust tussock forming perennial 0.6-2.4 m tall, from a thick rhizome 4-6 mm wide, with very short internodes; stems glabrous but minutely to strongly scabrid on the angles. Leaves evenly spaced along culms, with margins smooth. Inflorescences of 1 terminal and 5-9 lateral often drooping lanceolate panicles 2-10 cm long., 1-3 cm wide, borne singly or 2-3 at the nodes on pendulous peduncles exerted up to 30 cm from the sheaths. Nutlets white and shiny, usually with a blue-black apex, ovoid 3.7-4(-5) mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: melanomphala: dark navel, presumable referring to the dark apex of the seed.
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zambia; tropical Africa to Angola and South Africa, Madagascar, South America
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 303.

Gordon-Gray, K.D. (1995). Cyperaceae in Natal Strelitzia 2 Page 184.

Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H.J. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 411 - 412.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 121.


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Other sources of information about Scleria melanomphala:

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Flora of Botswana: Scleria melanomphala
Flora of Malawi: Scleria melanomphala
Flora of Mozambique: Scleria melanomphala
Flora of Zambia: Scleria melanomphala

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Scleria melanomphala
African Plant Database: Scleria melanomphala
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Scleria melanomphala
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Scleria melanomphala
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scleria melanomphala
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Scleria melanomphala
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Scleria melanomphala
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Scleria melanomphala
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Scleria melanomphala
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scleria melanomphala
Ispot Southern Africa: Scleria melanomphala
JSTOR Plant Science: Scleria melanomphala
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Scleria melanomphala
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Scleria melanomphala
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Scleria melanomphala
The Plant List (version 1.1): Scleria melanomphala
Tropicos: Scleria melanomphala


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Scleria melanomphala.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=111680, retrieved 12 December 2017

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