Littonia modesta Hook.

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Littonia modesta

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Umtata, Transkei, Cape

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Synonyms: Gloriosa modesta (Hook.) J.C.Manning & Vinn.
Common names: Butter lily (English) Climbing bell (English) Climbing lily (English)
Frequency:
Status: Cultivated, possibly rarely naturalised
Description:
Perennial herb to 2 m, with climbing stems. Leaves in whorls of 3-4, extremely numerous, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate becoming smaller and narrower above; apex drawn out into a tendril to 2 cm long. Flowers axillary, bright yellow or orange, pointing downwards. Pedicel 2.5-5 cm, bent at apex. Sepals and petals 1.7-4 cm long, lanceolate, acute. Style with 3 recurved branches.
Notes: Included in the 'native and naturalised' flora on the strength of one collection by Bob Drummond from Harare.
Derivation of specific name: modesta: modest, unpretentious
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 14 October 2011
Literature:

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 36 - 37. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. (2009). Colchicaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Page 188.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 26 - 27. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Littonia modesta:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Littonia modesta
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Littonia modesta

External websites:

African Plant Database: Littonia modesta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Littonia modesta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Littonia modesta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Littonia modesta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Littonia modesta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Littonia modesta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Littonia modesta
Ispot Southern Africa : Littonia modesta
JSTOR Plant Science: Littonia modesta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Littonia modesta
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Littonia modesta
Tropicos: Littonia modesta
West African Plants database: Littonia modesta


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Littonia modesta.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=113070, retrieved 29 September 2016

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