Ornithoglossum vulgare B. Nord.

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Ornithoglossum vulgare

Photo: Bill Clarke
Near gum plantation, Val D'Or

Ornithoglossum vulgare

Photo: Bill Clarke
Near gum plantation, Val D'Or

Ornithoglossum vulgare

Photo: Bill Clarke
Near gum plantation, Val D'Or

Ornithoglossum vulgare

Photo: Bart Wursten
Great Dyke, nr Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Ornithoglossum vulgare

Photo: Bart Wursten
Great Dyke, nr Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ornithoglossum glaucum sensu auct. non Salisb.
Ornithoglossum viride auct. non (L.f.) Aiton
Common names: Bird's tongue (English) Chitupaguru (Shona)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb, up to c. 70 cm tall, growing from a ovoid-oblong corm, up to 30 cm below the surface. Leaves up to 12, usually 4-7, erect, spreading or recurved, linear-lanceolate, 10 - 30 cm long, blue-green, waxy. Inflorescence 5 - 30 cm long, up to c. 25-flowered. Flowers purplish-brown, to dark purple-red, rarely yellow; base of the filaments green, upper part and anthers brown. Pedicels and tepals spreading at first, later reflexed. Ovary green, 3-lobed, c. 2 × 2 cm enlarging soon. Capsule globose, 15 × 10 mm, bluntly 3-lobed at the apex.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: vulgare: vulgar, common, usual
Habitat: In miombo woodland, occasionally in mopane or other woodland, mostly on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) 450 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Namibia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Diaphone eumela (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 50 - 51. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. (2009). Colchicaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 189 - 190. (Includes a picture).

Maroyi, A (2002). Colchicaceae in Zimbabwe Kirkia 18(1) Page 7.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 117.


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Other sources of information about Ornithoglossum vulgare:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Flora of Malawi: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Flora of Mozambique: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Flora of Zambia: Ornithoglossum vulgare

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ornithoglossum vulgare
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ornithoglossum vulgare
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ornithoglossum vulgare
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ornithoglossum vulgare
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ornithoglossum vulgare
Ispot Southern Africa : Ornithoglossum vulgare
JSTOR Plant Science: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Ornithoglossum vulgare
Tropicos: Ornithoglossum vulgare
West African Plants database: Ornithoglossum vulgare


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ornithoglossum vulgare.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=113120, retrieved 1 October 2016

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