Eriospermum mackenii (Hook. f.) Baker
subsp. phippsii (Wild) P.L. Perry

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Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii

Photo: Neil Crouch
On path from base camp to hut, Chimanimani N.P.

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Synonyms: Eriospermum phippsii Wild
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Perennial herb with a solitary inflorescence up to 40 cm high, growing from a subglobose tuber, up to 4.5 cm in diameter; old leaf sheaths forming a fibrous neck up to 6.5 cm long. Leaves 2-5, more or less erect, ovate, up to 9 cm long, covered in short to longer hairs; lamina channelled at the base. Peduncle up to 30 cm long; raceme up to 50-flowered, up to 20 cm long. Bracts ovate, 1-2 mm long. Pedicels up to 2.5 cm long. Flowers up to 1.2 cm in diameter, bell-shaped, bright yellow with a green midvein on the tepals. Capsule obovoid, up to 8 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: mackenii: after Mark Johnston McKen (1823-1872), Scottish plant collector and herbarium curator at the Durban Botanic Gardens.
phippsii: after James B. Phipps, plant collector in Zimbabwe, particularly in the Chimani
Habitat: Quartzite sandy grassland, mostly above the Brachystegia tree line.
Altitude range: (metres) 1400 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: This subspecies is only found in the Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - near threatened
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 173. as Eriospermum phippsii

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 51. as Eriospermum sp. near E. abyssinicum

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 128.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

Perry, P.L. (2010). Eriospermaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(2) Pages 3 - 4.

Wild, H. (1964). The endemic species of the Chimanimani Mountains and their significance Kirkia 4 Pages 134 - 135. as Eriospermum phippsii


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Other sources of information about Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii

External websites:

African Plant Database: Eriospermum mackenii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Eriospermum mackenii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriospermum mackenii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eriospermum mackenii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eriospermum mackenii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Eriospermum mackenii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriospermum mackenii
Ispot Southern Africa : Eriospermum mackenii
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriospermum mackenii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eriospermum mackenii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eriospermum mackenii
Tropicos: Eriospermum mackenii
West African Plants database: Eriospermum mackenii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eriospermum mackenii subsp. phippsii., retrieved 27 October 2016

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