Dianella ensifolia (L.) DC.

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Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Magorogodo, Zomba Community, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Magorogodo, Zomba Community, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Magorogodo, Zomba Community, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Magorogodo, Zomba Community, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Shangani, Mandzundzu, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Shangani, Mandzundzu, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Shangani, Mandzundzu, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Dianella ensifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slopes of Mt Shangani, Mandzundzu, Chimanimani Conservation Area.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dianella ensata (Thunb.) R.J.F. Hend.
Dianella nemorosa Lam.
Dracaena ensata Thunb.
Dracaena ensifolia L.
Common names: Harebell (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Perennial herb up to 1.5 m tall, growing from a woody, horizontal rhizome, often forming dense colonies. Leaves 5-12, distichous, up to 50 cm long; basal part folded lengthwise, flattened, like a pseudopetiole; margin and midrib narrowly winged and bearing small forwardly pointing prickles. Inflorescence a lax panicle, taller than the leaves. Tepals 5-7 mm, pale mauve-blue. Fruit up to 8 mm in diameter, subspherical, glossy blue.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: ensifolia: sword-leaved.
Habitat: In deep shade in lowland evergreen forest, often near streams and rivers.
Altitude range: (metres) 350 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: In Africa only known from the slower slopes of the Chimanimani Mountains in Mozambique and Zimbabwe but elsewhere in Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion and possibly other western Indian Ocean Islands, Noerthwest India and adjacent areas in Asia.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 2 November 2013
Literature:

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 14. SABONET. Pretoria. Page 168.

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 51. In family Liliaceae

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 90.

Zimudzi, C. & Pope, G.V. (2001). Hemerocallidaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3) Pages 100 - 101. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Dianella ensifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Dianella ensifolia

External websites:

African Plant Database: Dianella ensifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dianella ensifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dianella ensifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dianella ensifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dianella ensifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dianella ensifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dianella ensifolia
Ispot Southern Africa : Dianella ensifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Dianella ensifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dianella ensifolia
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dianella ensifolia
Tropicos: Dianella ensifolia
West African Plants database: Dianella ensifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dianella ensifolia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=113690, retrieved 26 July 2016

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