Aloe spicata L.f.

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Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Catembe, Maputo province

Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Along the coast near Maputo

Aloe spicata

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Along the coast near Maputo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Aloe sessiliflora Pole Evans
Common names: Bottle-brush aloe (English) Lebombo aloe (English) Lemombo aloe (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or tree-like succulent plant. Stem erect, simple or branched, 1-2 m tall, sometimes forming shrubs with decumbent stems. Leaves in a dense rosette, spreading becoming recurved, 60-80 cm long, green but often entirely coppery-red in dry conditions; margin reddish with 3-angular teeth. Inflorescences 1-5, simple, erect, up to 1m high. Raceme very densely many-flowered, 30-50 cm long, cylindric; bracts pale brown, c. 10 × 6 mm, ovate-acuminate. Flowers subsessile, c. 15 mm long, campanulate, greenish-yellow to golden yellow.
Notes: Threatened by fires.
Derivation of specific name: spicata: arranged in a spike.
Habitat: On steep rocky slopes and cliffs.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 900 m
Flowering time:Jun - Jul
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 57. (Includes a picture).

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 21.

Carter, S. (2001). Aloaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(3) Page 93.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 232. As Aloe sessiliflora

West, O. (1974). A Field Guide to the Aloes of Rhodesia. Longman, Salisbury Pages 88 - 89. as Aloe sessiliflora (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Aloe spicata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Aloe spicata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Aloe spicata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Aloe spicata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Aloe spicata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aloe spicata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Aloe spicata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Aloe spicata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Aloe spicata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aloe spicata
Ispot Southern Africa : Aloe spicata
JSTOR Plant Science: Aloe spicata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Aloe spicata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Aloe spicata
Tropicos: Aloe spicata
West African Plants database: Aloe spicata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Aloe spicata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114050, retrieved 30 September 2016

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