Dioscorea schimperiana Kunth

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Dioscorea schimperiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Dioscorea schimperiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Dioscorea schimperiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Dioscorea schimperiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Dioscorea schimperiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Dioscorea schimperiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

Dioscorea schimperiana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path to Hadange Gorge, Chimanimani National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dioscorea hockii De Wild.
Dioscorea stellato-pilosa De Wild.
Common names: Mutendeni (Shona)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Twining climber with annual, right-twining, unarmed stems, growing from a perennial fleshy tuber. Leaves usually opposite, 10-20 cm long, heart-shaped, covered in stellate hairs, more densely so below. Flowers in pendent, axillary spikes, unisexual. Bulbils often present, particularly at flowering time, axillary, c. 1 cm in diameter, globose to ovoid, tuberculate, dark brown. Fruit 4-winged capsule, up to 2.4 × 3.9 cm, papery when dry.
Notes: This species is among several, which produces fertile bulbils along the stem. These bulbils are occasionally eaten in Zimbabwe, particularly in times of food shortage.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Along forest margins, and Brachystegia woodland, among rocks and on riverbanks and termite mounds, often in more open or disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 23 October 2011
Literature:

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 79.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 97 - 98. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Dioscorea schimperiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Dioscorea schimperiana
Flora of Mozambique: Dioscorea schimperiana
Flora of Zambia: Dioscorea schimperiana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Dioscorea schimperiana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dioscorea schimperiana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dioscorea schimperiana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dioscorea schimperiana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dioscorea schimperiana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Dioscorea schimperiana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dioscorea schimperiana
Ispot Southern Africa : Dioscorea schimperiana
JSTOR Plant Science: Dioscorea schimperiana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dioscorea schimperiana
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dioscorea schimperiana
Tropicos: Dioscorea schimperiana
West African Plants database: Dioscorea schimperiana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Dioscorea schimperiana.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=115450, retrieved 24 August 2016

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