Gladiolus magnificus (Harms) Goldblatt

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Gladiolus magnificus

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Gladiolus magnificus

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Gladiolus magnificus

Photo: Jean-Michel Blake
Along the main camp road, close to Sinanga turn off, Hwange National Park

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Synonyms: Antholyza magnifica Harms
Antholyza spectabilis Schinz
Chasmanthe spectabilis (Schinz) N.E.Br.
Oenostachys zambesiacus (Baker) Goldblatt
Petamenes magnifica (Harms) R.C. Foster
Petamenes spectabilis (Schinz) E. Phillips
Petamenes zambesiacus (Baker) N.E.Br.
Common names: Hwenyanguruve (Shona) Indokwe (Ndebele) Zambezi Wine-Spike (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Perennial herb, 80–140 cm tall, growing from corms. Stem unbranched. Leaves 5–7, the lower 4–5 basal and longest, 6–9 mm wide, narrowly lanceolate. Flowers 6–15, bright-red with yellow markings on the lower tepals and in the throat; tepals very unequal, the uppermost 35-42 mm long, larger and much longer than the others.
Derivation of specific name: magnificus: magnificent, beautiful
Habitat: In Kalahari sandveld, in open woodland, often among tall grasses.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jan - mar
Worldwide distribution: southern Angola, Botswana, northern Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 9 February 2014

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 94 - 95.

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 228 - 231. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 25, plate 44 as Oenostachys zambesiacus

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 125.


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Flora of Botswana: Gladiolus magnificus
Flora of Zambia: Gladiolus magnificus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus magnificus
African Plant Database: Gladiolus magnificus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Gladiolus magnificus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus magnificus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus magnificus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gladiolus magnificus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gladiolus magnificus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus magnificus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gladiolus magnificus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus magnificus
Ispot Southern Africa: Gladiolus magnificus
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus magnificus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gladiolus magnificus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Gladiolus magnificus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus magnificus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Gladiolus magnificus
Tropicos: Gladiolus magnificus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Gladiolus magnificus., retrieved 24 January 2017

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