Canna indica L.

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Canna indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common by bridge

Canna indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common by bridge

Canna indica

Photo: Mark Hyde
Alexandra Park, Harare

Canna indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper part of Hill Complex, Great Zimbabwe

Canna indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper part of Hill Complex, Great Zimbabwe

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Canna bidentata Bertol.
Canna edulis Ker Gawl.
Common names: Indian shot (English) Small-flowered canna (English)
Frequency: Local (mostly seen in and around Harare)
Status: Introduced
Description:
Herb, 1-2 m. Leaves 20-60 × 10-20 cm, ovate to elliptic, glabrous, petiolate. Raceme branches enclosed in sheaths. Each flower subtended by a × membranous bract. Sepals c. 1 cm, acute. Petals 3-4 cm, narrowly elliptic. Staminodes 2-3, 4-6 cm, brightly coloured. Flower colour red, sometimes with yellow markings. Capsule 3-5 × 2-3 cm broad, bluntly 3-angled, softly spiny. Seeds c.5 mm in diameter, spherical, hard, black.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat: Persistent in disturbed ground and also in wet places such as by streams and in ditches.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical America (believed by Linnaeus to be native in Asia and Africa as well as America)
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Lock, J.M. & Diniz, M.A. (2010). Cannaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 140 - 142. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 86.


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Other sources of information about Canna indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Canna indica
Flora of Mozambique: Canna indica
Flora of Zambia: Canna indica
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Canna indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Canna indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canna indica
African Plant Database: Canna indica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Canna indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canna indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canna indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Canna indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Canna indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canna indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Canna indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canna indica
Ispot Southern Africa: Canna indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Canna indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Canna indica
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Canna indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canna indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Canna indica
Tropicos: Canna indica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Canna indica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116220, retrieved 28 June 2017

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