Habenaria filicornis Lindl.

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Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Msorodoni Farm

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Msorodoni Farm

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Besna Kobila Estate, Matobo Hills area.

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamuziwa Falls, Nyanga NP

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamuziwa Falls, Nyanga NP

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamuziwa Falls, Nyanga NP

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamuziwa Falls, Nyanga NP

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamuziwa Falls, Nyanga NP

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria chlorotica Rchb. f.
Habenaria filicornis Lindl. var. chlorotica (Rchb. f.) Geerinck
Habenaria natalensis Rchb. f. & Warm.
Habenaria wilmsiana Kraenzl.
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Very slender terrestrial herb, 20 to 65 cm. Leaves scattered along the stem. Inflorescence up to 20 cm, few to many-flowered. Flowers green. Dorsal sepal erect, hooding the anthers, lateral sepals deflexed. Petals entire, pressed against the dorsal sepal. Lip three-lobed to the base, all lobes linear, the mid-lobe slightly longer and broader the the side lobes. Spur 2 to 3.5 cm long, straight or slightly curved.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland, both in drier parts of bog and on shallow gravely soil.
Altitude range: (metres) 1150 - 2300 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 8 August 2015
Literature:

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review Pages 180 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 100 - 101. as Habenaria chlorotica (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 63.

Geerinck, D. (1982). Notes taxonomiques sur les Orchidacées d'Afrique centrale Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 52(1/2) Page 144.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Pages 343 - 344. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 66 - 67. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 52 - 54. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 114. (Includes a picture).

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 516 - 517. as Habenaria chlorotica (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 128.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 131 - 132. as Habenaria chlorotica

Summerhayes, V.S. (1968). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 54 - 56. also as Habenaria chlorotica (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Habenaria filicornis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Habenaria filicornis
Flora of Malawi: Habenaria filicornis
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria filicornis
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria filicornis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria filicornis
African Plant Database: Habenaria filicornis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Habenaria filicornis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria filicornis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria filicornis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria filicornis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria filicornis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria filicornis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria filicornis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria filicornis
Ispot Southern Africa: Habenaria filicornis
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria filicornis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria filicornis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria filicornis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria filicornis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria filicornis
Tropicos: Habenaria filicornis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Habenaria filicornis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116760, retrieved 18 October 2017

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