Disa ornithantha Schltr.

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Disa ornithantha

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Near Trout Hatchery, Nyanga NP

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb, up to 50 cm tall. Leaves on a separate shoot, 3-4, erect, linear, up to 20 cm long, folded along the length. Leaves along the fertile shoot, ovate-lanceolate, 4-7 cm long, sheathing. Inflorescence 1-5-flowered with long linear bracts overtopping the flowers. Flowers bright red, spotted on the petals and inside of the dorsal sepal, large and showy. Dorsal sepal erect, spathulate, c. 28 mm long with a pendent spur, 9 mm long, slightly swollen at the apex. Lateral sepals spreading, 17-23 mm long. Petals 2-lobed, posterior lobe diverging with a S-shaped curve. Lip linear, 9-14 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in Brachystegia woodland and montane grassland, usually in wet grassy areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 31 January 2010
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 222 - 223. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 128.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 56.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 171.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 118 - 119. Frontcover photo (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Disa ornithantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Disa ornithantha
Flora of Mozambique: Disa ornithantha
Flora of Zambia: Disa ornithantha

External websites:

African Plant Database: Disa ornithantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Disa ornithantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa ornithantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Disa ornithantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Disa ornithantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Disa ornithantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa ornithantha
Ispot Southern Africa : Disa ornithantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa ornithantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Disa ornithantha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Disa ornithantha
Tropicos: Disa ornithantha
West African Plants database: Disa ornithantha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Disa ornithantha.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117370, retrieved 27 May 2016

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