Satyrium buchananii Schltr.

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Satyrium buchananii

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mutinondo Wilderness Lodge, in one of the dambos (Mpika Distr., Muchinga Province)

Satyrium buchananii

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mutinondo Wilderness Lodge, in one of the dambos (Mpika Distr., Muchinga Province)

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Satyrium kassnerianum Kraenzl.
Satyrium longissimum Rolfe
Satyrium nyassense Kraenzl.
Satyrium stolzianum Kraenzl.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb 30-70 cm tall with separate sterile and fertile shoots; tubers ovoid, 1.5-4 x 1-2 cm, tomentose; sterile shoots 3-5 leaved, developing at flowering, lowermost 2-3 leaves sheath-like, upper leaves up to 20 x 3.5 cm, lanceolate; flowering stem with 5-8 sheathing leaves, sometimes imbricate, up to 8 cm long; inflorescence 8-14 x 3-5 cm, laxly up to 20-flowered; ovary and pedicel 10-15 mm long, curved; bracts pinkish-brown, c. 30 mm at base of inflorescence; flowers white, scented; sepals and petals deflexed, joined to each other and lip in basal quarter; dorsal sepal 10-13 x 1.5-3 mm, oblong, rounded at apex; lateral sepals slightly longer and wider, oblique; petals similar to dorsal sepal but usually slightly wider with the margin ciliolate; lip 10-15 mm long and wide when spread out, very convex and hooded with the apex recurved, wide mouthed, hairy inside towards apex; spurs 4.5-7.5 cm long, slender, pendent; column 7.5-10 mm high; stigma 2-4 x 4-6 mm.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Buchanan_(settler).
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Oct – Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola through DRC to Tanzania south to Zambia, Malawi and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 228 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 333. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 210 - 212. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 133. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Satyrium buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Satyrium buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Satyrium buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Satyrium buchananii
African Plant Database: Satyrium buchananii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Satyrium buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Satyrium buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Satyrium buchananii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Satyrium buchananii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Satyrium buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Satyrium buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Satyrium buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Satyrium buchananii
Ispot Southern Africa: Satyrium buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Satyrium buchananii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Satyrium buchananii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Satyrium buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Satyrium buchananii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Satyrium buchananii
Tropicos: Satyrium buchananii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Satyrium buchananii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117590, retrieved 11 December 2017

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