Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl.

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Calanthe sylvatica

Photo: Darrel Plowes

Calanthe sylvatica

Photo: Darrel Plowes

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Calanthe corymbosa Lindl.
Calanthe natalensis Rchb. f.
Calanthe neglecta Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust terrestrial herb, up to 70 cm. Leaves 3-5, more or less in a basal rosette, large, up to 35 × 12 cm, lanceolate, plicate, dark green. Inflorescence densely many-flowered, peduncle slightly pubescent. Flowers white to purple; lip darker with an orange callus. Sepals lanceolate, acute, lateral sepals longer than the dorsal sepal. Petals elliptic to oblanceolate. Lip 3-lobed, side lobes small; mid lobe large, broadly obovate, notched at the apex. Spur 2-4 cm.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: sylvatica: sylvan, forest-loving
Habitat: Near streams or marshy areas in evergreen or riverine forest, growing in deep shade.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Jan - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa, South Africa, Madagascar, Mascarene Islands and possibly tropical Asia
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 3 October 2006
Literature:

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review Pages 22 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Cribb, P. (1984). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 282 - 285. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 55.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 272 - 275. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 173 - 174. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 406 - 407. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 388 - 389. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 391. as Calanthe natalensis

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 99 - 100. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Calanthe sylvatica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Calanthe sylvatica
Flora of Mozambique: Calanthe sylvatica
Flora of Zambia: Calanthe sylvatica

External websites:

African Plant Database: Calanthe sylvatica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Calanthe sylvatica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Calanthe sylvatica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Calanthe sylvatica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Calanthe sylvatica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Calanthe sylvatica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Calanthe sylvatica
Ispot Southern Africa : Calanthe sylvatica
JSTOR Plant Science: Calanthe sylvatica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Calanthe sylvatica
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Calanthe sylvatica
Tropicos: Calanthe sylvatica
West African Plants database: Calanthe sylvatica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Calanthe sylvatica.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118020, retrieved 27 May 2016

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