Bulbophyllum maximum (Lindl.) Rchb. f.

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Bulbophyllum maximum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Mia Falls, Burma Valley, Vumba

Bulbophyllum maximum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Aberfoyle Tea Estate, Honde Valley

Bulbophyllum maximum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Mia Falls, Burma Valley, Vumba

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Synonyms: Bulbophyllum nyassanum Schltr.
Bulbophyllum oxypterum (Lindl.) Rchb. f.
Bulbophyllum platyrachis (Rolfe) Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust epiphytic herb. Pseudobulbs variable, mostly ovoid, sharply angled, set apart on a strong woody rhizome; leaves 2 per pseudobulb, up to 20 cm, oblong, thick and leathery. Inflorescence up to 90 cm, many-flowered on the thickened part of the rhachis. Flowers greenish-yellow, heavily spotted with purple.
Notes: The shape and size of the rhachis is very variable and different forms have in the past been treated as separate species. The form with the distinctly flattened, yellow rhachis (image 2) was known as B. platyrhachis. As both plant and flowers are extremely similar only one variable species is now recognised.
Derivation of specific name: maximum: largest
Habitat: In woodland and riverine forest, mainly in warm humid areas.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 1600 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 82 - 83. as Bulbophyllum oxypterum (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 317. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 128.

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 54. as Bulbophyllum oxypterum

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. as Bulbophyllum oxypterum

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 300.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 52 - 55. also as Bulbophyllum platyrachis (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 202 - 205. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 31 - 32. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 132.

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 97 - 101. (Includes a picture).


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Flora of Malawi: Bulbophyllum maximum
Flora of Mozambique: Bulbophyllum maximum
Flora of Zambia: Bulbophyllum maximum

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African Plant Database: Bulbophyllum maximum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Bulbophyllum maximum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum maximum
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Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bulbophyllum maximum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Bulbophyllum maximum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum maximum
Ispot Southern Africa : Bulbophyllum maximum
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum maximum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bulbophyllum maximum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Bulbophyllum maximum
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum maximum
West African Plants database: Bulbophyllum maximum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bulbophyllum maximum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118230, retrieved 27 June 2016

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