Polystachya fusiformis (Thouars) Lindl.

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Polystachya fusiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Polystachya fusiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Polystachya fusiformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
In cultivation, Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Synonyms: Dendrobium fusiforme Thouars.
Polystachya composita Kraenzl.
Polystachya minutiflora Ridl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Epiphytic herb producing a pendent chain of long, slender pseudobulbs, which can reach a length of up to 1 m. Inflorescence terminal, distinctly branched, up to 50 flowered. Flowers small, greenish to yellow-green, more or less tinged purple, sometimes entirely purple.
Derivation of specific name: fusiformis: spindle-shaped; swollen in the middle and tapering on both ends; referring to the shape of the pseudobulbs
Habitat: Montane and riverine forest and high-rainfall woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) 900 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Jan - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarene Islands
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 148 - 149. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 331.

Cribb, P.J. (1984). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 371 - 372.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 347.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 122 - 123. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 215 - 216. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 411 - 412. (Includes a picture).

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 396 - 397. (Includes a picture).

Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2011). A Monograph of the Subtribe Polystachyinae Schltr. (Orchidaceae) University of Gdansk, Poland, ISBN 978 83 7531 174 4 Pages 224 - 227. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 391.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 67. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 139.


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Other sources of information about Polystachya fusiformis:

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Flora of Malawi: Polystachya fusiformis
Flora of Mozambique: Polystachya fusiformis
Flora of Zambia: Polystachya fusiformis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Polystachya fusiformis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Polystachya fusiformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polystachya fusiformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Polystachya fusiformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Polystachya fusiformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Polystachya fusiformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polystachya fusiformis
Ispot Southern Africa : Polystachya fusiformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Polystachya fusiformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Polystachya fusiformis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Polystachya fusiformis
Tropicos: Polystachya fusiformis
West African Plants database: Polystachya fusiformis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Polystachya fusiformis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118330, retrieved 27 October 2016

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