Polystachya transvaalensis Schltr.

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Polystachya transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Polystachya transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Polystachya transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested higher slopes of Castle beacon, Vumba

Polystachya transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested higher slopes of Castle beacon, Vumba

Polystachya transvaalensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested higher slopes of Castle beacon, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Polystachya natalensis Rolfe
Polystachya nigrescens Rendle
Polystachya rendlei Rolfe
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Low-level epiphyte or occasional lithophyte. Stems normally covered in blackened remains of old leaf sheaths, are not thickened into distinct pseudobulbs. Leaves 2-5, sheathing at the base, apex rounded. Inflorescence erect, up to 12-flowered; lateral sepals green, tinged with purple-brown; petals and lip creamy white.
Notes: FZ 11(2) records this species from the Chinhamhora Reserve in division N. However, the Chinhamhora Reserve lies entirely in division C. Pending further information, we have therefore left the record as C rather than N.
Derivation of specific name: transvaalensis: of the Transvaal, South Africa
Habitat: In mist-belt evergreen forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1400 - 2400 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 13 November 2011

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 164 - 165. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 232 - 233. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 333. (Includes a picture).

Cribb, P.J. (1984). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 357.

Harris, T., Darbyshire, I. & Polhill, R. (2011). New species and range extensions from Mt Namuli, Mt Mabu and Mt Chiperone in northern Mozambique Kew Bulletin 66(2) Page 250.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 52.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 330.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 104 - 105. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 211. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 410 - 411. (Includes a picture).

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 402 - 403. (Includes a picture).

Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2011). A Monograph of the Subtribe Polystachyinae Schltr. (Orchidaceae) University of Gdansk, Poland, ISBN 978 83 7531 174 4 Pages 157 - 160. (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 520 - 521. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 391.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 74. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 140.


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Other sources of information about Polystachya transvaalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Polystachya transvaalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Polystachya transvaalensis
Flora of Zambia: Polystachya transvaalensis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Polystachya transvaalensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Polystachya transvaalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polystachya transvaalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Polystachya transvaalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Polystachya transvaalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Polystachya transvaalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polystachya transvaalensis
Ispot Southern Africa : Polystachya transvaalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Polystachya transvaalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Polystachya transvaalensis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Polystachya transvaalensis
Tropicos: Polystachya transvaalensis
West African Plants database: Polystachya transvaalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Polystachya transvaalensis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118470, retrieved 28 October 2016

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