Cyrtorchis arcuata Lindl.
subsp. arcuata

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Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
On ridge above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
On ridge above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along Nhamadzi River, lower Chimanimani Conservation Area.

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along entrance road to Zebra Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
River Above Nharizengere Falls, nortwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
River Above Nharizengere Falls, nortwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
River Above Nharizengere Falls, nortwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

Photo: Bart Wursten
River Above Nharizengere Falls, nortwestern Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Angorchis sedenii (Rchb. f.) Kuntze
Angraecum sedenii (Rchb. f.) G. Nicholson
Angraecum. arcuatum Lindl.
Cyrtorchis arcuata (Lindl.) Schltr. subsp. variabilis Summerh.
Cyrtorchis bracteata Schltr.
Cyrtorchis sedenii (Rchb. f.) Schltr.
Listrostachys arcuata (Lindl.) Rchb. f.
Listrostachys sedenii Rchb. f.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Epiphytic or lithophytic herb. Plants with a robust stem, up to 30 long, often forming large clumps. Leaves, leathery or somewhat fleshy, more or less flat and not folded along the length, linear, oblong or elliptic, up to 20 × 2.5 cm. Inflorescences 8-18 cm long, c. 10-flowered. Flowers star-shaped, sweetly scented, 2.5-3 cm in diameter, white, turning apricot with age. Sepals, petals and lip similar, lanceolate, acuminate, recurved at the apex. Spur 3-6 cm long, greenish, curved.
Notes: Similar to Cyrtorchis ringens, which also has flat leaves but much smaller flowers and a shorter, straight spur.
Derivation of specific name: arcuata: curved like a bow or arched, probably referring to the curved spur.
Habitat: In Brachystegia-Uapaca woodland, sometimes on Parinari in wooded grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 310 - 2200 m
Flowering time:Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 17 May 2012
Literature:

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 98 - 99. as Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. variabilis (Includes a picture).

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 77. (Includes a picture).

Cribb, P. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 576 - 578.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 128.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 411 - 412.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 63 - 65. as Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. variabilis (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 265 - 266. as Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. variabilis (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 434 - 435. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 440 - 441.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 130 - 131. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 393.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 38 - 39. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata
Flora of Mozambique: Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata
Flora of Zambia: Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cyrtorchis arcuata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cyrtorchis arcuata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cyrtorchis arcuata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cyrtorchis arcuata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cyrtorchis arcuata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cyrtorchis arcuata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cyrtorchis arcuata
Ispot Southern Africa : Cyrtorchis arcuata
JSTOR Plant Science: Cyrtorchis arcuata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cyrtorchis arcuata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cyrtorchis arcuata
Tropicos: Cyrtorchis arcuata
West African Plants database: Cyrtorchis arcuata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cyrtorchis arcuata subsp. arcuata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118760, retrieved 27 June 2016

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