Diaphananthe fragrantissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.

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Diaphananthe fragrantissima

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Diaphananthe fragrantissima

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Diaphananthe fragrantissima

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Diaphananthe fragrantissima

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Listrostachys fragrantissima Rchb. f.
Common names:
Frequency: Rare in Zimbabwe
Status: Native
Description:
Robust epiphytic herb with a pendent stem. Leaves pendent, often twisted at the base, linear-lanceolate, usually sickle-shaped, 10-45 cm long, thick and fleshy. Inflorescences 1-several pendent spikes, 20-60 cm long, arising below the leaves. Flowers borne in whorls of 2-4 at the nodes, greenish-yellow, creamy-yellow to almost white, with a rather musky scent. Dorsal sepal narrowly triangular, arching over the column; petals linear to oblanceolate; lateral sepals linear; lip broad and curving downwards, frilled on the sides, more or less 3-lobed at the apex; spur 6-12 mm, slightly swollen in the middle.
Notes: Very rare in Zimbabwe, recorded only from the Rusitu Valley.
Derivation of specific name: fragrantissima: most fragrant
Habitat: In high rainfall woodland and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 750 m
Flowering time:May
Worldwide distribution: Cameroon, DRC, Sudan, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Critically Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 11 November 2008
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 128.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 68 - 69. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 269. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Diaphananthe fragrantissima:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Flora of Mozambique: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Flora of Zambia: Diaphananthe fragrantissima

External websites:

African Plant Database: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Diaphananthe fragrantissima
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Diaphananthe fragrantissima
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Diaphananthe fragrantissima
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Ispot Southern Africa : Diaphananthe fragrantissima
JSTOR Plant Science: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
Tropicos: Diaphananthe fragrantissima
West African Plants database: Diaphananthe fragrantissima


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Diaphananthe fragrantissima.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118800, retrieved 25 May 2016

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