Eulophia ovalis Lindl.
var. bainesii (Rolfe) P.J. Cribb & la Croix

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Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia bainesii Rolfe
Eulophia complanata I. Verd.
Eulophia monticola sensu Williamson
Eulophia pretoriensis Bolus
Eulophia transvaalensis Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb, up to 90 cm; tubers forming a chain, connected by a rhizome. Leaves 4-7 forming a fan, linear, present at the time of flowering (image 1). Inflorescence laxly up to 10-flowered. Sepals spreading, greenish to purple-brown. Petals pale straw-yellow, flushed with purple or pink, lying flat over the lip giving the flowers a distinctly flattened appearance. Lip 3-lobed with the mid-lobe flat and broad, pale straw-yellow with bright yellow to orange papillae. Spur 1-6 mm, cylindric, often slightly bifid at the tip.
Notes: This is the common variety in Zimbabwe. E. ovalis var. ovalis, occurring mainly in South Africa, has been only recorded once in our region.
Derivation of specific name: ovalis: broadly elliptic, oval, referring to the shape of the mid-lobe of the lip;
bainesii: named after Thomas Baines, explorer and painter, who travelled with David Livingstone.
Habitat: A species of montane grassland and woodland, often on rocky hill sides.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2135 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Free State, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 5 February 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323. (Includes a picture).

Cribb, P. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 448 - 449. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 116 - 117. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 472 - 474. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 308. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Pages 368 - 370. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 322 - 323. as Eulophia bainesii (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Page 244.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 122. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Eulophia ovalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia ovalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia ovalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia ovalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Eulophia ovalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia ovalis
Ispot Southern Africa : Eulophia ovalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia ovalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia ovalis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia ovalis
Tropicos: Eulophia ovalis
West African Plants database: Eulophia ovalis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Eulophia ovalis var. bainesii.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119460, retrieved 28 August 2016

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