Piper umbellatum L.

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Piper umbellatum

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Moribane Forest

Piper umbellatum

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Moribane Forest

Piper umbellatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tava marsh, Moribane Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Piper subpeltatum Willd.
Common names: Wild pepper (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
A soft-wooded aromatic evergreen shrub, often straggling. Leaves very broadly ovate to almost round, up to 42 × 40 cm, 11-15-veined from a deeply cordate base, dark green above, much paler green below, mostly hairless on both surfaces, except for the base of the veins above, below and along the margins. Flowers in umbellate groups of 2-8 spikes, often on leafless axillary shoots, creamy-white. Fruit minute, less than 1 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: umbellatum: bearing flowers in umbels
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Perennial, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 4 January 2009
Literature:

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Diniz, M.A. (1996). Piperaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 16(1) Pages 70 - 71.

Diniz, M.A. (1997). Piperaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(2) Pages 25 - 26. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 67.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 144.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 433.


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Other sources of information about Piper umbellatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Piper umbellatum
Flora of Mozambique: Piper umbellatum

External websites:

African Plant Database: Piper umbellatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Piper umbellatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Piper umbellatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Piper umbellatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Piper umbellatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Piper umbellatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Piper umbellatum
Ispot Southern Africa : Piper umbellatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Piper umbellatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Piper umbellatum
Tropicos: Piper umbellatum
West African Plants database: Piper umbellatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Piper umbellatum.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119890, retrieved 4 December 2016

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