Chaetachme aristata Planch.

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Chaetachme aristata

Photo: Julian Spurway
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Chaetachme aristata

Photo: Julian Spurway
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Synonyms: Chaetachme nitida Planch. & Harv.
Chaetachme serrata Engl.
Common names: Thorny elm (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub or tree up to 13 m. Bark pale grey, smooth. Branches distinctly zig-zag, armed with axillary spines, often paired. Stipules conspicuous,10-20 mm, falling early. Leaves elliptic to ovate, 3-9 × 1.5-4.5 cm, dark glossy green, leathery, midrib grooved; apex broadly tapering to rounded, often notched and with a bristly, hair-like tip; margin entire or serrate with a few teeth; petiole 3-6 mm. Flowers in axillary clusters, unisexual on the same tree, small, greenish. Fruit spherical, c.1.5 mm in diameter, yellow to orange when ripe, tipped with the remains of the long stigmas.
Derivation of specific name: aristata: bearing a long bristle-like point; aristate
Habitat: In riverine thickets, wooded grassland and along forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) 600 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: From West Africa to Sudan and South to Swaziland, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 18 September 2006

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 233. As Chaetacme aristata

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 109.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 181.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 228.

Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (1991). Ulmaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 2 - 3. As Chaetacme aristata (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Chaetachme aristata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Chaetachme aristata
Flora of Caprivi: Chaetachme aristata
Flora of Malawi: Chaetachme aristata
Flora of Mozambique: Chaetachme aristata
Flora of Zambia: Chaetachme aristata

External websites:

African Plant Database: Chaetachme aristata
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Chaetachme aristata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chaetachme aristata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Chaetachme aristata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Chaetachme aristata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Chaetachme aristata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chaetachme aristata
Ispot Southern Africa : Chaetachme aristata
JSTOR Plant Science: Chaetachme aristata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Chaetachme aristata
Tropicos: Chaetachme aristata
West African Plants database: Chaetachme aristata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Chaetachme aristata., retrieved 8 December 2016

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