Maclura africana (Bureau) Corner

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Maclura africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Maclura africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Maclura africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cardiogyne africana Bureau
Milicia spinosa Sim
Common names: African osage-orange (English) Thorny mulberry (English)
Status: Native
A widely scrambling spiny shrub. Leaves spirally arranged, often on short, spine-tipped, lateral branchlets, elliptic, dark green, hairless. Flowers in small, dense axillary heads, white, unisexual, sexes on different plants. Fruit a small head of nutlets, each enveloped in the persistent perianth, grey to orange.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In hot and dry riverine vegetation and along the edges of pans.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Mar - May
Worldwide distribution: From southeastern Kenya to South Africa and Madagascar
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 5 April 2006

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 18 - 21. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Cardiogyne africana


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Other sources of information about Maclura africana:

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Flora of Malawi: Maclura africana
Flora of Mozambique: Maclura africana
Flora of Zambia: Maclura africana

External websites:

African Plant Database: Maclura africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Maclura africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maclura africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Maclura africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Maclura africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Maclura africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maclura africana
Ispot Southern Africa : Maclura africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Maclura africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Maclura africana
Tropicos: Maclura africana
West African Plants database: Maclura africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Maclura africana., retrieved 24 October 2016

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