Ficus capreifolia Delile

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Ficus capreifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Ficus capreifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Ficus capreifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Ficus capreifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Ficus capreifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus palustris Sim
Common names: Mukaramadzi (Shona) Mukuyu (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Munharauta (Shona) River sandpaper fig (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small evergreen tree, suckering from the base to form dense thickets. Bark smooth, grey; latex watery. Leaves mostly opposite, but sometimes alternate to sub-opposite or in whorls of three, narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, up to 18 cm long, very harsh and rough to the touch on both surfaces; veins raised below; margin entire or rarely with irregular teeth or even lobed. Figs single in the leaf axils, obovoid or pear-shaped, 2-4.5 cm long, green with a harshly rough surface, pinkish when ripe.
Notes: The leaves of this species are often galled. These galls are caused by small mites from the family Eriophyidae
Derivation of specific name: capreifolia: with leaves like the Goat Willow, Salix caprea. The specific name is sometimes incorrectly spelled capreaefolia.
Habitat: Generally along rivers and streams, where it may form thickets.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 910 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to the Somali Republic and southwards to KwaZulu-Natal and Namibia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele accentifera (Food plant)
Kradibia gastroi afrum (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 15 September 2013
Literature:

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 48 - 50.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 139 - 140.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.


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Other sources of information about Ficus capreifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus capreifolia
Flora of Malawi: Ficus capreifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus capreifolia
Flora of Zambia: Ficus capreifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus capreifolia
African Plant Database: Ficus capreifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus capreifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus capreifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus capreifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus capreifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus capreifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus capreifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus capreifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus capreifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Ficus capreifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus capreifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus capreifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus capreifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus capreifolia
Tropicos: Ficus capreifolia


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-17

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2017). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus capreifolia.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120240, retrieved 16 December 2017

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