Ficus glumosa Delile

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Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Rob Burrett
Road to Nswatugi Cave, Matobo National Park

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Synonyms: Ficus montana Sim
Ficus rehmannii Warb.
Ficus sonderi Miq.
Common names: Hairy rock fig (English) Inkiwane (Ndebele) Mountain rock fig (English) Mutove (Shona)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Usually a small tree, most commonly as a lithophytic rock-splitter. Bark pale greyish-cream, smooth and flaking. Leaves oblong to broadly elliptic, more rarely ovate or almost round, 4-14 cm, dark green above, paler below, thickly leathery, with long silky hairs on both surfaces, particularly on the veins. Hairs sometimes almost lost on older leaves; base cordate or rounded; veins prominent below; margin entire. Fruits singly or in pairs in the leaf axils pedunculate, spherical to ellipsoid, 8-15 mm in diameter, variously hairy, covered in small small warts, pink to red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: glumosa: bearing glumes, referring to the prominent stipules, which enclose the leaf bud. Note that a glume normally is one of the bracts surrounding the flowers of grasses
Habitat: In deciduous woodland on rocky hill hides and outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1530 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal in the West and Yemen in the northeast, throughout tropical Africa to northern Namibia and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Elisabethiella glumosae (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 April 2007

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 59 - 60.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus sonderi

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.


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Other sources of information about Ficus glumosa:

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Flora of Botswana: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Zambia: Ficus glumosa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ficus glumosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus glumosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus glumosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus glumosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus glumosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus glumosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus glumosa
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus glumosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus glumosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus glumosa
Tropicos: Ficus glumosa
West African Plants database: Ficus glumosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus glumosa., retrieved 28 September 2016

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