Ficus glumosa Delile

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Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, Matobo National Park

Ficus glumosa

Photo: Rob Burrett
Road to Nswatugi Cave, Matobo National Park

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Synonyms: Ficus montana Sim
Ficus rehmannii Warb.
Ficus sonderi Miq.
Common names: Hairy rock fig (English) Inkiwane (Ndebele) Mountain rock fig (English) Mutove (Shona)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Usually a small tree, most commonly as a lithophytic rock-splitter. Bark pale greyish-cream, smooth and flaking. Leaves oblong to broadly elliptic, more rarely ovate or almost round, 4-14 cm, dark green above, paler below, thickly leathery, with long silky hairs on both surfaces, particularly on the veins. Hairs sometimes almost lost on older leaves; base cordate or rounded; veins prominent below; margin entire. Fruits singly or in pairs in the leaf axils pedunculate, spherical to ellipsoid, 8-15 mm in diameter, variously hairy, covered in small small warts, pink to red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: glumosa: bearing glumes, referring to the prominent stipules, which enclose the leaf bud. Note that a glume normally is one of the bracts surrounding the flowers of grasses
Habitat: In deciduous woodland on rocky hill hides and outcrops.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1530 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal in the West and Yemen in the northeast, throughout tropical Africa to northern Namibia and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Elisabethiella glumosae (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 April 2007


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Other sources of information about Ficus glumosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ficus glumosa
Flora of Zambia: Ficus glumosa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ficus glumosa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus glumosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus glumosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus glumosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus glumosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus glumosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus glumosa
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus glumosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus glumosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus glumosa
Tropicos: Ficus glumosa
West African Plants database: Ficus glumosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-15

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2015). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus glumosa., retrieved 1 December 2015

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