Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq.

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Ficus ingens

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nduna Lodge, Malilangwe

Ficus ingens

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nduna Lodge, Malilangwe

Ficus ingens

Photo: Petra Ballings
Nduna Lodge, Malilangwe

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Synonyms: Ficus caffra (Miq.) Miq.
Common names: Idotsi (Ndebele) Inkiwane (Ndebele) Mutsamvi (Shona) Red-leaved rock fig (English)
Status: Native
Small or medium-sized to large deciduous tree, terrestrial or as a rock splitter. Leaves ovate, lanceolate, to oblong-lanceolate, 5-17 cm long, mid- to dark green above, paler below, hairless; base mostly truncate or shallowly cordate; margins entire, flat or slightly wavy. Figs pedunculate, single or paired in the leaf axils, or on bare stems below the leaves, spherical to slightly pear-shaped, 10-13 mm in diameter, with or without pale warts, creamy green, purple when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: ingens: huge, "exceeding the usual size"; it is thought to refer to the size of the tree, with specific reference to the famous "Inhabited tree" of Rustenburg, South Africa
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats: deciduous woodland, wooded grassland, rocky hillsides, cliffs, and riverine forest.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: From Senegal to Ethiopia, down to Namibia and the eastern Cape, South Africa. Also in Saudi Arabia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Platyscapa soraria (Pollinated by this insect)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 6 April 2007

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 18 - 19. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 88.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 123.


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Other sources of information about Ficus ingens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ficus ingens
Flora of Malawi: Ficus ingens
Flora of Mozambique: Ficus ingens
Flora of Zambia: Ficus ingens
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ficus ingens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Ficus ingens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Ficus ingens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus ingens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus ingens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus ingens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Ficus ingens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus ingens
Ispot Southern Africa : Ficus ingens
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus ingens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus ingens
Tropicos: Ficus ingens
West African Plants database: Ficus ingens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ficus ingens., retrieved 27 May 2016

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