Cannabis sativa L.

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Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Marydale Point Lake Chivero Recreational Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cannabis indica Lam.
Common names: Cannabis (English) Hemp (English) Imbanje (Ndebele) Marijuana (English) Mbanje (Shona)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Introduced
Description:
Aromatic annual herb, up 3 m. Stems branched or not, angular; most parts with minute swollen-based hairs. Leaves palmate-digitate with 3-7 leaflets on a petiole up to 6 cm long; leaflets sessile, narrowly lanceolate, up to 15 cm; margin coarsely toothed or scalloped. Flowers in numerous clusters in the upper leaf axils, greenish-white, unisexual on different plants; male plants usually larger with more flowers and living longer after flowering. Fruit round to ovoid, up to c. 4 × 3.5 mm, often with conspicuous reticulate vein-patterns, when still surrounded by the persistent perianth.
Notes: Widely and often illegally cultivated for its resin, which is used a a recreational drug, locally known as "dagga".
Derivation of specific name: sativa: cultivated, not wild
Habitat: An occasionally naturalized weed, particularly in old cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to Central Asia and widely naturalised in other parts of the world
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 29 March 2008
Literature:

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 43.


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Other sources of information about Cannabis sativa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Malawi: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Mozambique: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Zambia: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cannabis sativa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cannabis sativa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cannabis sativa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cannabis sativa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cannabis sativa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cannabis sativa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cannabis sativa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cannabis sativa
Ispot Southern Africa : Cannabis sativa
JSTOR Plant Science: Cannabis sativa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cannabis sativa
Tropicos: Cannabis sativa
West African Plants database: Cannabis sativa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cannabis sativa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120470, retrieved 25 May 2016

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