Cannabis sativa L.

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Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cannabis sativa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Marydale Point Lake Chivero Recreational Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Cannabis indica Lam.
Common names: Cannabis (English) Hemp (English) Imbanje (Ndebele) Marijuana (English) Mbanje (Shona)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Introduced
Description:
Aromatic annual herb, up 3 m. Stems branched or not, angular; most parts with minute swollen-based hairs. Leaves palmate-digitate with 3-7 leaflets on a petiole up to 6 cm long; leaflets sessile, narrowly lanceolate, up to 15 cm; margin coarsely toothed or scalloped. Flowers in numerous clusters in the upper leaf axils, greenish-white, unisexual on different plants; male plants usually larger with more flowers and living longer after flowering. Fruit round to ovoid, up to c. 4 × 3.5 mm, often with conspicuous reticulate vein-patterns, when still surrounded by the persistent perianth.
Notes: Widely and often illegally cultivated for its resin, which is used a a recreational drug, locally known as "dagga".
Derivation of specific name: sativa: cultivated, not wild
Habitat: An occasionally naturalized weed, particularly in old cultivation.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to Central Asia and widely naturalised in other parts of the world
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 29 March 2008
Literature:

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 43.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 55. (Includes a picture).

Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (1991). Cannabaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Pages 11 - 13. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Cannabis sativa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Malawi: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Mozambique: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Zambia: Cannabis sativa
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cannabis sativa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Cannabis sativa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cannabis sativa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cannabis sativa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cannabis sativa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cannabis sativa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Cannabis sativa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cannabis sativa
Ispot Southern Africa : Cannabis sativa
JSTOR Plant Science: Cannabis sativa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cannabis sativa
Tropicos: Cannabis sativa
West African Plants database: Cannabis sativa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cannabis sativa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=120470, retrieved 5 December 2016

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