Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud. ex A. DC.

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Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Globe Rock, Vumba

Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamziwa Falls Nyanga NP

Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Views, Vumba

Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Views, Vumba

Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

Osyris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mutirikwi CL, Murray MacDougall Drive

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Osyris abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich.
Osyris quadripartita Salzm. ex Decne.
Common names: Bark bush (English) Rock tannin-bush (English) Transvaal sumach (English)
Frequency: Widespread and fairly common but not usually abundant in any one place.
Status: Native
Description:
Mostly a large evergreen shrub but occasionally a small tree. Branches blue-green, erect and angular. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, 3-4.5 cm long, glaucous, thickly leathery, veining obscure; apex with a sharp tip; margin entire. Flowers in axillary clusters on long stalks, small, yellow-green; lobes 3. Stamens usually 3, rarely 4. Fruit c. 10 × 15 mm, yellow becoming red when ripe, crowned with the remains of the calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: lanceolata: lanceolate
Habitat: On rocky outcrops and hillsides, in woodland and wooded grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2280 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Occurs in Europe (Spain and Balearic Isles), Asia and widespread in northern, eastern and southern Africa from Morocco to South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Mylothris agathina agathina (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 15 February 2013
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 259. as Osyris quadripartita (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 194 - 195. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 235.

Hilliard, O.M. (2006). Santalaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 244 - 246. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 100.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 6 - 7. as Osyris abyssinica

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 172.


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Other sources of information about Osyris lanceolata:

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Flora of Botswana: Osyris lanceolata
Flora of Malawi: Osyris lanceolata
Flora of Mozambique: Osyris lanceolata
Flora of Zambia: Osyris lanceolata

External websites:

Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Osyris lanceolata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Osyris lanceolata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Osyris lanceolata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Osyris lanceolata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Osyris lanceolata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Osyris lanceolata
Ispot Southern Africa : Osyris lanceolata
JSTOR Plant Science: Osyris lanceolata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Osyris lanceolata
Tropicos: Osyris lanceolata
West African Plants database: Osyris lanceolata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Osyris lanceolata.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=121290, retrieved 25 July 2016

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