Aristolochia littoralis Parodi

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Aristolochia littoralis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Aristolochia littoralis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Greystone Park NR

Aristolochia littoralis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam near entrance

Aristolochia littoralis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam near entrance

Aristolochia littoralis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Chalet 3, Chirinda Forest

Aristolochia littoralis

Photo: Robert Plowes
Hillside Golf Course, Mutare.

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Synonyms: Aristolochia elegans Mast.
Common names: Calico flower (English) Dutchman's pipe (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Introduced
Description:
Glabrous perennial climber, woody at the base. Leaves spade to kidney-shaped, green above, pale greyish below. Flowers solitary, axillary. Perianth heart-shaped, maroon with white markings; tubular throat twisted and inflated. Fruit a pendent, 6-ribbed, sausage-shaped capsule, brown when ripe, splitting while remaining on the plant, forming a "hanging basket". The plants are poisonous.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: littoralis: of the seashore
Habitat: Widely cultivated as a garden ornamental and has been recorded as an occasional naturalised escape along forest edges and in riverine fringes, particularly in disturbed areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Feb - May
Worldwide distribution: Native to tropical South America
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 25.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 28.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 30. as Aristolochia elegans

Stannard, B.L. (1997). Aristolochiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(2) Pages 23 - 24. as Aristolochia elegans

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 47. as Aristolochia elegans


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Other sources of information about Aristolochia littoralis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Aristolochia littoralis
Flora of Malawi: Aristolochia littoralis
Flora of Mozambique: Aristolochia littoralis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Aristolochia littoralis

External websites:

African Plant Database: Aristolochia littoralis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Aristolochia littoralis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aristolochia littoralis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Aristolochia littoralis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Aristolochia littoralis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Aristolochia littoralis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aristolochia littoralis
Ispot Southern Africa : Aristolochia littoralis
JSTOR Plant Science: Aristolochia littoralis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Aristolochia littoralis
Tropicos: Aristolochia littoralis
West African Plants database: Aristolochia littoralis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Aristolochia littoralis.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=121640, retrieved 8 December 2016

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