Alternanthera pungens Kunth

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Alternanthera pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nduna Lodge, Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Alternanthera pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nduna Lodge, Malilangwe Wildlife Reserve

Alternanthera pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Second Street, Mutare

Alternanthera pungens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Second Street, Mutare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Alternanthera echinata Sm.
Alternanthera repens (L.) Link
Common names: Khaki burrweed (English) Paper thorns (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Description:
Prostrate, mat-forming herb, growing from a tap root. Stems rooting at the nodes. Inflorescences somewhat spiny, due to long bracteoles and awns on the tepals.
Notes: For the distinctions between this species and species of Alternanthera, see the note after Alternanthera caracasana.
Derivation of specific name: pungens: prickly, puncturing
Habitat: In bare ground and disturbed places such as lawns and roadsides
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of tropical America, now a widespread weed in Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 31 July 2009
Literature:

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 47. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 20.

Townsend, C.C. (1988). Amaranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 124 - 127. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 26. as Alternanthera repens (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Alternanthera pungens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Alternanthera pungens
Flora of Caprivi: Alternanthera pungens
Flora of Malawi: Alternanthera pungens
Flora of Mozambique: Alternanthera pungens
Flora of Zambia: Alternanthera pungens

External websites:

African Plant Database: Alternanthera pungens
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Alternanthera pungens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Alternanthera pungens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Alternanthera pungens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Alternanthera pungens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Alternanthera pungens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Alternanthera pungens
Ispot Southern Africa : Alternanthera pungens
JSTOR Plant Science: Alternanthera pungens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Alternanthera pungens
Tropicos: Alternanthera pungens
West African Plants database: Alternanthera pungens


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Alternanthera pungens.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=122540, retrieved 1 October 2016

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