Boerhavia diffusa L.

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Boerhavia diffusa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Boerhavia diffusa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

Boerhavia diffusa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nr Umvumvumvu R Br. by Mutare to Birchenough Br. rd

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Boerhavia adscendens Willd.
Boerhavia paniculata Rich.
Boerhavia repens L. var. diffusa (L.) Hook.f.
Common names:
Frequency: Common, at least at middle and lower altitudes
Status: Possibly introduced
Description:
Spreading perennial herb. Stems decumbent or ascending, much-branched from the base, glabrous or puberulous but with longer hairs, particularly at the nodes. Leaves ovate, elliptic to subcircular, glabrous except for longer hairs on the veins below and margins. Inflorescences terminal, lax, greatly elongated and diffusely branched. Flowers usually in clusters of 2-10, whitish, pink, carmine or purple. Stamens and style c. 2 mm long, slightly exerted. Fruits c. 3.5 mm long, clavate with a rounded apex, glandular pubescent. See B. erecta for comparison.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: diffusa: diffuse, loosely spreading, referring to the inflorescence
Habitat: A weed of disturbed places.
Altitude range: (metres) 360 - 1550 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: A pantropical weed
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 12 June 2006
Literature:

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 280. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 89.

Stannard, B.L. (1988). Nyctaginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 21 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 37. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Boerhavia diffusa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Boerhavia diffusa
Flora of Malawi: Boerhavia diffusa
Flora of Mozambique: Boerhavia diffusa
Flora of Zambia: Boerhavia diffusa

External websites:

African Plant Database: Boerhavia diffusa
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Boerhavia diffusa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Boerhavia diffusa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Boerhavia diffusa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Boerhavia diffusa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Boerhavia diffusa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Boerhavia diffusa
Ispot Southern Africa : Boerhavia diffusa
JSTOR Plant Science: Boerhavia diffusa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Boerhavia diffusa
Tropicos: Boerhavia diffusa
West African Plants database: Boerhavia diffusa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Boerhavia diffusa.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=122630, retrieved 26 July 2016

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