Phytolacca octandra L.

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Phytolacca octandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Phytolacca octandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Phytolacca octandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Phytolacca octandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Phytolacca octandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Phytolacca octandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Inkberry (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Probably introduced
Description:
A bushy perennial, up to 1 m. Leaves alternate, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 3.5-13.5 cm long, hairless, margin entire; petiole up to 2 cm long. Inflorescences in terminal or lateral, leaf-opposed racemes, 4-14 cm long. Flowers bisexual, white to yellowish-green; stamens 8 in one whorl. Fruit depressed globose, mostly 6-8-lobed, 5-8 mm in diameter, hairless, dark purple to black when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: octandra: with 8 stamens
Habitat: In disturbed places and as a weed of cultivation. Occasionally along the margins of forest.
Altitude range: (metres) 1400 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Oct - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Native to South America but now naturalized throughout the tropical regions of the world.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 22 February 2014
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 67.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 52 - 53. (Includes a picture).

Stannard, B.L. (1988). Phytolaccaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 165 - 167. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 170 - 171. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Phytolacca octandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Phytolacca octandra

External websites:

African Plant Database: Phytolacca octandra
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Phytolacca octandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phytolacca octandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phytolacca octandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phytolacca octandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Phytolacca octandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phytolacca octandra
Ispot Southern Africa : Phytolacca octandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Phytolacca octandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phytolacca octandra
Tropicos: Phytolacca octandra
West African Plants database: Phytolacca octandra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-16

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2016). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phytolacca octandra.
http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=122700, retrieved 28 September 2016

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